Reflections on African Just Transition Perspectives

What is just transition? The answer usually depends on whom you ask. In its early conceptualization
among North American unionists, just transition was understood as a framework for reconciling job
protection and climate outcomes associated with the decarbonization of certain productive sectors.
These days, the expression encompasses a range of concerns over the likely negative effects of the
decarbonisation of multiple sectors on equality, human rights, access to resources and other
developmental challenges. It has, therefore, come to be understood as planning and acting to minimize
the risks of and spread the benefits of transitioning to a low carbon future, both for people and the
planet. As these risks and benefits are localized, just transition is in practice highly case specific.

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